References for Reduced Symptoms of PTSD in War Veterans Chart

Reduced Symptoms of PTSD in War Veterans

Through Transcendental Meditation

The research on TM shows that TM has a strong effect on reducing PTSD symptoms. These effect sizes are similar to or greater than effects produced by standard frontline therapies currently used to treat PTSD, which range from .78-1.10 (JAMA. 2015;314(5):489-500). 


Brooks JS, Scarano T. Transcendental Meditation and the treatment of post-Vietnam adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development. 1985; 64:212-5.

Heffner KL, Caine ED, Crean H, Franus N, Moynihan JA, Talbot N. Meditation for PTSD demonstration project: Final report to Mental Health Services, Department of Veteran Affairs. Rochester, New York: Department of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester 2014. [Note: This reference is for the the three VA 2014 studies—Minneapolis, Saginaw, and Syracuse.]

Rosenthal J, Grosswald S, Ross R, Rosenthal N. Effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) in Veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): a Pilot Study. Military Medicine. 2011; 176(6):626.

Herron RE. The impact of the Transcendental Meditation program on the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder of veterans. Military Medicine. 2016 (submitted).
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